Foundry™ - In-situ Conversion Process

Foundry™ In-situ Conversion Process (ICP), In-situ Upgrading Process (IUP), and Hybrid Drive

Salamander’s Foundry™ heater solution uses closely spaced Salamander heater cables to increase temperatures throughout the entire reservoir to extract hydrocarbons from immature kerogen-rich shales or heavy oil and bitumen, generate reservoir drive, and in some systems, rejuvenate production in depleted fields.

Foundry In-situ Applications

Foundry™ benefits

  • Increases recovery factors
    Recovery factors between 50% (ICP) and 75% (IUP) with energy ratios up to 10
  • Reduces or eliminates diluents purchasing
    Produces API gravity between 16°–50°, depending on what is most economically favorable
  • Limits environmental impact
    Often uses existing infrastructure, by-products remain subsurface

In-situ Upgrading Process (IUP)

The Foundry™ In-situ Upgrading Process (IUP) uses Salamander heaters to initiate thermal cracking of heavy oil and/or bitumen in-situ. Due to more uniform heat propagation relative to steam, Foundry™ IUP recovery efficiencies reach as high as 75% with subsurface energy ratios nearing 10 in some cases.

In addition, IUP allows for the control and variation of oil characteristics to APIs between 16° and 50°, which can reduce or eliminate the need for diluents. Downstream costs are further reduced because the Foundry™ In-situ Upgrading Process leaves waste products such as coke, metals, and sulfur in the ground.

In-situ Conversion Process (ICP)

Surface retorting methods for extracting value from immature kerogen-rich shales are neither efficient nor cost effective for depths more than 100 m. But with the Foundry™ In-situ Conversion Process (ICP), these vastly undervalued hydrocarbon resources can be more efficiently converted in-situ through the precise application of heat to recover 50% (by weight) of the organic content of the rock.

Hybrid Drive

Recovery factors of 3%–15% are typical using traditional hydraulic fracturing methods for liquid rich shales (LRS). The Foundry™ Hybrid Drive solution can increase recovery factors to 50% by generating additional hydrocarbons from kerogen. Plus, Hybrid Drive gives first oil quicker by extracting existing oil in the formation before hydrocarbons generated by ICP begin to flow.


Foundry In-Situ Conversion Process

Foundry™ is ideal for the following target formations

  • Kerogen-bearing source rocks with a wide range of hydrocarbon-liquids content
  • Heavy oil plays with challenging geology (both carbonates and clastics) and low recovery factors
  • Depleted plays with insufficient pressure for hydraulic fracturing
Consulting Services

A complete suite of services designed to help you increase production well-by-well or across your entire reservoir.

Consulting Services
Get in touch

Find out how Salamander can help turn up the heat.

InfoHub

Go to the Salamander InfoHub and download our brochure.